Following from my last post about Clinical Depression which you can read here. I wanted to delve more into getting to grips with other types of depression and how they can affect an individual, there are a lot more then you think!
Here are 5 common types of depression:
1) Postnatal Depression
This type of depression is what occurs after having a baby. Its not to say all women get it, but there are a few that it can affect in different ways.
Sometimes, after giving birth you may feel a little bit sad and moody, but with this type of depression, you constantly feel like that after giving birth, even months and months after. You will often feel extreme sadness, fatigue, anxiety, loneliness, hopelessness, suicidal thoughts, fears about possibly hurting your baby and feelings of disconnect from the child.
It will need prompt and experienced medical care and that might include a combination of talk and drug therapies.
2) Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
Has there been a time when you struggle to pull yourself out of bed, you shut the curtains because its miserable outside, you sleep the days away and you have no desire to go out and socialise in the winter months?
This is often what it feels like to have SAD. This type of depression occurs during the winter climates, likely due to the lack of sunlight. No one likes the cold weather, or having to go out in it, we’d much rather hibernate indoors. But when its actually causing you discomfort, to a point you struggle to even move around and are constantly shutting yourself a way, it can become a problem.
You can get symptoms such as: anxiety, increased irritability, daytime fatigue and possible weight gain. This type of depression usually starts in early winter and occasionally can subside near spring.
It can be treated with light therapy and artificial light treatment, but as always speak to a professional first, to get the right diagnoses.
3) Atypical Depression
This type is actually one of the most common, some doctors actually believe it to be under diagnosed.
People with this depression type may gain weight, be irritable, sleep to much, feeling like your arms and legs are heavy and have relationship problems. Other features of this can include low mood reactivity (ability to feel better when something good happens) and being extra sensitive to interpersonal rejection. It can affect how you feel, think and behave, and it can lead to emotional and physical problems. It may stop you from doing normal daily activities, and may cause you to have suicidal thoughts.
Studies have shown that talk therapy works well to treat this kind of depression.
4) Psychotic Depression
Psychosis, a mental state that is often characterised by disorganised thinking or behaviour, false beliefs, commonly known as delusions; hallucinations (false sights and sounds) may not always get associated with depression. But according to National Alliance on Mental Illness, about 20 percent of people with depression have episodes so prominent they develop psychotic symptoms.
The treatments for this type of depression are medications a combination of anti-psychotics and antidepressants can help relieve symptoms as well as psychological therapies and social support.
5) Bipolar disorder
Can also be known as manic depression, is a condition that affects your moods, which can swing from one extreme to the other.
You can experience signs of depression, feeling low or lethargic and mania, feeling very high and overactive, its a constant switch between the too, its like having going from high to low back to high again. The symptoms can depend on which type of mood you’re experiencing. Having a simple mood swing is a lot different to having one with Bipolar. It can last up to several weeks or even longer and sometimes they may not even experience a ”normal” mood. The highs and lows are often so severe they interfere with day to day life.
You can get mood stabilisers and they should be taken everyday for as long as the individual needs them. Learning to recognise the triggers and signs of an episode of depression or mania. Psychological treatment, such as talking therapy, which can help deal with depression and provides advice. Lifestyle advice, such as regular exercise, planning activities you enjoy, keeping busy, improving diet and getting more sleep.
Be sure if you feel like any of these are affecting you, to reach out to a professional and get a proper diagnosis and the help that you need!
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